Vulcans.  (also called Vulcanians)
A humanoid race native to the planet Vulcan;  Less developed members of this race are called Proto-Vulcan,
for example, the inhabitants of the planet Mintaka III which resemble early Vulcans at a Bronze Age level of
technology are Proto-Vulcans.            "Who Watches the Watchers?" [TNG]

[ Appearance ][ Physiology ][ Homeplanet & Places of Interest ][ Culture ][ History ][ Ships ]
[ Individuals of Note ][ Mental & Psionic disciplines ][ The 'Real' Vulcan ]

    Externally similar to Humans except for pointed ears and usually upward arched eyebrows.
    Sometimes with a greenish complexion.

[ Circulatory ][ Digestive ][ Immune ][ Nervous ][ Reproductive ]

Vulcan, being an arid world with higher surface gravity and thinner atmosphere than most class M worlds,
    endows greater physical strength and endurance to native-born and reared Vulcans in comparison to other
    humanoids.                                     "Amok Time" [TOS]
Vulcans are three times stronger than Humans, according to Kassidy Yates.
                                                            "Take me out the the Holosuite" [DS9]
Vulcans can function without sleep for more than two weeks.
                                                            "Muse" [VOY]

Circulatory System:
    Vulcans have very different blood chemistry from Bolians. A blood transfusion from a Vulcan to a Bolian
        would be fatal for the Bolian.      "Prototype" [VOY]
    Vulcan blood is distinctly green in colour, due to the presence of copper instead of iron in their version of
        hemoglobin.                                "Obsession" [TOS]
    Blood types - One possible blood type is T negative, although this is rare even among Vulcans.  Both
        Spock and his father have T negative blood types, but Spock's blood isn't true T negative blood; it has
        some human elements in it.         "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    Heart -  The Vulcan heart which occupies roughly the same location as the human liver and is capable of
        beating at several hundred beats per minute.
                                                           "A Private Little War" [TOS]
        Owing to the special construction of the Vulcan heart, ordinary surgery on this organ is not advisable.
        A suro-genic open heart procedure is recommended in such cases, although large amounts of blood
        would be needed for the operation.
                                                             "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    It might not be typical of all Vulcans, but Spock's pulse was 242, and his blood pressure was almost nonexistent.

Digestive System:
    The Vulcan digestive system is highly adaptable, so that although many (human) foods may seem
    unpalatable and have disagreeable smells, a Vulcan should with time have no trouble digesting them.
                                                               "Unexpected" [ENT]

Immune System:
    K cells - T'Pol's "Vulcan K cells" were able to keep a mutagenic virus which was designed to rewrite the DNA
        of the host in check.  Phlox was able to synthesize an antivirus from her genetic profile, but needed an
        "active sample of her DNA" to complete it.
                                                            "Extinction" [ENT]

Reproductive System:
    Vulcan mating is surrounded by many rituals.  SEE:  Culture, Mating Rituals
    Voyager's EMH created a "fascinating" twelve part holographic essay
    which he called 'Under the Skin: Humanoid Anatomy as Art'.
    It began with a "stunning" magnification
    of the Vulcan reproductive gland.
                                    "Nothing Human" [VOY]

Nervous System:
    The Borg, whose designation for Vulcans is Species 3259, believe that the Vulcan's enlarged neocortex produces
    superior analytical abilities. "The Raven" [VOY]
    The Vulcan brain is in direct control of most of the bodily functions,
    acting as a control unit for many organs. Vulcans have learned to gain
    conscious control of many of these functions, allowing them to
    regulate their bodies to a high degree by simple willpower.
    When injured a Vulcan can go into a trance-like state,  a type of
    self-induced hypnosis, using this ability to concentrate all of his or her
    energy onto repairing the injury.  Most Vulcans also have almost
    complete control of automatic responses such as generated by intense
    The psychosuppression system responsible for the cessation of emotions
    is located in the mesiofrontal cortex of the Vulcan brain. On rare
    occasions, this area of the brain can be disrupted (e.g. following a mind-meld with a violent individual.)
                                                            "Meld" [VOY]
    A repressed memory can be very dangerous to Vulcans: the memory engrams in the dorsal region of his
    hippocampus will be disrupted, causing physical damage.  In the case of a subject who is inhibiting a
    traumatic memory, when it begins to resurface, it is known as a T'lokan schism. Vulcan psychocognitive
    research suggests that to treat such a case the patient should initiate a mind-meld with a family member.
    The aim is to bring the repressed memory into the conscious mind.  The family member acts as the
    patient's "pyllora" during the meld - a pyllora is a guide that helps the subject reconstruct the memory in
    its entirety and objectify the experience, and they help the subject reintegrate the memory into the
    conscious mind; the pyllora is an observer and not a participant, so no one else in the relived memory but
    the patient will notice the pyllora's presence as the patient relives the memory.  The Doctor used a cortical
    stimulator when Tuvok's memory engrams began to destabilize and he was unable to break the mind-meld
    between Tuvok and Janeway; he set it to emit thoron radiation to bombard his telepathic cortex to try to
    terminate the meld.                          "Flashback" [VOY]
    Intentional repression of memories - SEE: Fullara

    Sight:  The intensity of the Vulcan sun caused the Vulcans to evolve a secondary eyelid to protect the retina.
        This inner eyelid involuntarily closes when the eye is exposed to extremely intense light.  Spock's inner-
        eyelid protected him in 2267 against powerful light used in an experiment designed to eradicate the
        Denevan neural parasite.              "Operation - Annihilate!" [TOS]
    Smell:  Vulcan females have a heightened sense of smell.
                                                             "Broken Bow" [ENT]
        Vulcans think Humans smell bad. They often use a nasal numbing agent when with humans for long period of time.
                                                             "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]
    Hearing: Vulcans have very sensitive ears.

Mental & Psionic Disciplines:
    There are various examples of Vulcan telepathy and mental control.  They include: image generation,
    meditation, emotional compulsion, psychic image projection, the fullara, mind probe, mind meld,
    mind link, fusion, transfer of the katra, fal-tor-pan, mental shields, healing trance, and neuro-pressure.
    SEE: Vulcan Mental and Psionic Disciplines

    Bendii Syndrome - An incurable, untreatable, and fatal iillness that sometimes affects Vulcans over
    the age of 200.  It is very rare.  So much so that by 2367
    it has almost attained the status of a folk tale.  There has
    not been a true case of the illness since before 2165.
    Early symptoms include bursts of emotion, mostly
    irrational anger.  Eventually all emotional control is lost.
    In some instances the victim will unitentionally project
    these emotional outbursts telepathically onto others at
    random.  A diagnosis is made by growing a culture from
    the tissue of the patient's metathalamus (a process that
    takes several days).  The condition can be temporarily stablized by mind-melding with another person.
    Ambassador Sarek was afflicted with Bendii Syndrome at the age of 202; the condition put his last
    diplomatic mission in jeopardy.         "Sarek" [TNG]
    Slightly more than a year later, Sarek eventually succumbs completely to and died of Bendii Syndrome
    at his home on Vulcan, in 2368.          "Unification" [TNG]

    Chloriocytosis -  could be fatal to Vulcans. It haas a delayed effect on them. Strobolin is the only known
    cure but a synthesised drug can delay the effects of the disease.
                                                                "The Pirates of Orion" [TAS]

    Dramian auroral plague -  Vulcans are immune to this plaguue.
                                                                 "Albatross" [TAS]

    Fal-tor-voh - The cure for a specific degenerative neurological disorder.  It involves mind-melding with
        another compatible Vulcan (members of one's family should be compatible).  The disorder can be
        managed with medication for years before the symptoms become serious.  Early symptoms include
        lapses in concentration, accompanied by drops in neuropeptide levels.
                                                              "Endgame" [VOY]

    Neutronic Gradient - Vulcan physiology is sensitive to neuttronic gradients.  SEE: Neutronic storms .
                                                             "Fair Haven" [VOY]

    Pa'nar Syndrome - Pa'nar Syndrome is a transmissible disease, but there's no pathogen.  It is transmitted
        through mind-melds.  The meld disrupts neuroelectric impulses in the midbrain, which leads to the early
        stages of the disease.  It is an incurable degeneration of the synaptic pathways that also disrupts the
        endocrine and immune systems.  One of the symptoms is a high level of neurolytic enzymes.  It could
        very well lead to death if not treated with supplemental medications.  Because of the stigma associated
        with mind melds and since the disease can only be contracted through one, its cure is not a priority for
        Vulcan medicine.  But even though there is no cure, enough is known about the disease to at least slow
        its progress.  When seeking the Vulcan research that had been done on the disease, Dr. Phlox claimed
        that it has similarities to thymic sclerosis, a non-fatal Denobulan illness that Denobulans have had very
        little success treating.  T'Pol contracted the illness in 2151 when coerced into a mind meld by Tolaris.
                                                             "Stigma" [ENT]

    T'lokan schism - SEE: Repressed Memorry.

    Tuvan syndrome - A degenerative, incurable neurologicall disease which affects mainly Vulcans, Romulans,
        and Rigellians.  In the very early stages, the patient's eyelids are slightly displaced, facial muscles are
        weakened, and respiration is irregular. Loss of motor skills occurs in 10-15 years; life expectancy is
        20-25 years. In less than 5% of cases, the disease can accelerate without warning.
                                                              "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges" [DS9]

Drug Interactions:
    Alcohol - Vulcans are very susceptable to alcoholic intoxication.  Vulcans do not drink, except on rare
        or special occasions, usually related to diplomatic functions.
                                                           "Requiem for Methuselah" [TOS], "First Contact" [ST8],
                                                           "Carbon Creek" [ENT], "Cease Fire" [ENT]
    Benjisidrine - prescribed for malfunctions of a primaary heart valve (heart attacks).
                                                            "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    Caffeine -  has little effect on Vulcan physiology.
                                                            "Breaking the Ice" [ENT]
    Stokaline - A vitamin.                     "By Any Other Name" [TOS]
    Trellium-D - Destroys the neural pathways and is lethal to Vulcans, although it doesn't seem to affect
        other humanoids.                             "Impulse" [ENT]

Places of Interest:
Homeplanet  - The homeplanet of the Vulcan race is ccalled Vulcan or Vulcanis.
    Vulcan is 16 light years from Earth.
                         "Home" [ENT]
   At Archer's question, "does the sky ever get this blue on Vulcan?", T'Pol answers,
                        "Strange New World" [ENT]
    Much of the surface consists of large deserts or mountain ranges.
    It has a thinner atmosphere and generally hotter climate than earth.
                         "Amok Time" [TOS]
    Vulcan features huge wilderness preserves.
                                                            "Life Support" [DS9]
    Vulcan has no moon.                        "The Man Trap" [TOS]
    A large "moon" was clearly seen in the sky, so perhaps this is actually a sister planet.
                                                            "Yesteryear" [TAS], "The Motion Picture" [ST1]
Capital/Major cities include:
    ShiKahr - Spock's hometown           "Yesteryear" [TAS]

    Vulcana Regar - home to T'Shanik. "Coming of Age" [TNGG]
            T'Pol attended the Regar Academy on Vulcan.
                                                             "Fallen Hero" [ENT]

    ShirKahr - Tolaris taught literature there.
                                                            "Fusion" [ENT]
            A Miranda class starship was named after this town.
                                                             "Tears of the Prophets" [DS9]
Other places of interest on Vulcan:
    Fire Plains - Mentioned in classic Vulcan literaturee.  SEE:  Literature, Clash on the Fire PlainsFalor's Journey

    Forge, Vulcan's - A mountain range on Vulcan. Worf suggeested a hiking expedition there, during Vulcan's summer, for his
        and Dax's delayed honeymoon; Dax nixed the idea.
                                                            "Yesteryear" [TAS], "Change of Heart" [DS9]

    Gol -  A mountain range and of a plateaau that is associated with the rituals of the Kohlinahr.  The
        Ruins of Gol are the historically important abode of the Acolytes and the Vulcan Masters.
                                                             "The Motion Picture" [ST1]
        SEE Also: Mt. Seleya, Stone of Gol.

    Kir - Mentioned in the children's story Falor's Journey

    Llangon Mountains - Place where Spock performed his Kahs-wwan ceremony.
                                                              "Yesteryear" [TAS]

    K'tahl - Tuvok had a holodeck program of the "Oracle of K'tahl" that was tampered with  (probably by
        Tom or Harry playing a practical joke on him).
                                                               "Live Long and Prosper" [VOY]

    Raal - Mentioned in the children's story Falor's Journey

    Seleya, Mount -  Mt. Seleya is the easternmost peak in the Gol Mountain Range.

    Tar'hana, Mount - An active volcano that can be seen on the way down to T'Pol's mother's house.
        There are frequent eruptions.        "Home" [ENT]

    T'Karath Sanctuary - Located on the Forge.
                                                               "The Forge" [ENT], "The Awakening" [ENT], "Kir'Shara" [ENT]
        ca 350:  It was an underground stronghold, a hideaway for the soldiers of one of the factions during
        the last Vulcan civil war over two thousand years ago.
                                                             "Gambit, part 2" [TNG]
        From 2152 to 2154 it was the hideout for a faction known as the Syrrannites.  Much of it was
        destroyed in an effort to wipe out the Syrrannites by an aerial bombardment.
                                                             "The Forge" [ENT], "The Awakening" [ENT], "Kir'Shara" [ENT]
        As of 2370, the cavern had been abandoned for centuries.  There are remnants of decaying Vulcan
        artifacts lying around, and some cracked and peeling glyphs on the walls.  A crude stone altar still
        sits prominantly in the room.  The Vulcan Isolationist movement stored a piece of the Stone of Gol
        here which they had stolen and this is where the whole was finally reassembled by T'Paal, one of
        their operatives.  She was captured and the Stone retreived by Capt. Picard.
                                                             "Gambit, part 2" [TNG]

    Temple of Amonak - One of the most sacred temples on Vulccan.
                                                              "Hunters" [VOY]

    Voroth Sea - Mentioned in the children's story  Falor's Journey

    Yaren, Lake - Paris tells Tuvok that with the Varro environmental technology that he could recreate
        springtime on this Vulcan lake in his quarters if he so desired.
                                                               "The Disease" [VOY]

Flora and Fauna:
Favinit plant - Foliage native to Vulcan. In 2372, Starship Voyager's Lieutenant Tuvok created a rare
      hybrid flower by grafting a favinit plant with a South American orchid from
    Earth.  He doubted the graft would take, and indeed the plant was sickly
    at first, but after a few weeks both plants adapted and became stronger
    than either had been alone.
                                       "Alliances" [VOY]

LeMatya - "Yesteryear" [TAS]

Nar'ru Vines -  T'Les said that the Nar'ru vines had bloomed early that year (2154), and that since she
    was retired, she had ample time to attend to them.
                                                               "Home" [ENT]

Orchids - Tuvok is a breeder of Vulcan orchids; Neelix says that they make an exquisite salad when you
    put a touch of baldoxic vinegar on them.
                                                               "Tattoo" [VOY]

Root Leaf -  Dr. Phlox keeps Vulcan root leaf in a container in Sickbay to feed one of his animals.
                                                                "Exile" [ENT]

Sandworms - When Phlox is too ill to leave sickbay, he has Hoshi bring some food for his animals.  Vulcan
    sandworms are brought to feed to his bat.
                                                              "Regeneration" [ENT]

Sehlat - Vulcan teddy bear.                   "Journey to Babel" [TOS]; "Yesteryear" [TAS]


Off-planet places of interest:
P'Jem - A remote outpost on the northern hemisphere of a planet that was only a few light years off
    Enterprise's route of exploration.  It is an ancient spiritual retreat with a remote
    sanctuary for Kolinahr and peaceful meditation.  It is a place of quiet
    contemplation.  The monastery was founded by Master Haadok, among
    others over 3,000 years ago (ca 849 BC).  The monks there consider
    technology a distraction so it isn't possible to hail them. But that's not
    a problem if one follows the protocols for visiting P'Jem:  Guests are
    normally greeted by a Vulcan elder.  One should not speak to him or any
    member of the Order unless spoken to first.  If they appear to be meditating, one should not approach
    them or attempt to make conversation.  Also the guest should maintain quiet at all times, and refrain
    from touching or disturbing any artifacts, relics, or ornamentation.  If one arrives at the time of
    communal Kolinahr, its likely they will be turned away.  At the conclusion of their visit, guests will
    be offered the Stone of J'kah, as a gesture of salutation.  One should, of course, accept it, then bow
    slightly and observe a respectful silence for approximately 5 seconds.  The Vulcan elder will then
    repeat a traditional litany passed down through the generations: "Ishtaya kulah.  Vestal ma etak J'kah."
    In 2151, Captain Archer and Commander Tucker visited the monastery only to be held prisoner by
    Andorians who had already raided the place.  The Andorians were in search of a covert Vulcan sensor
    array.  There are catacombs beneath P'Jem, where they bury their honored dead. The catacombs also
    contain a Reliquary.  Noone but a member of the High Order is allowed to enter it.  If anyone else
    enters it, it is considered blasphemy.  Supposedly noone had entered it in years.   However, the
    hidden entrance to a Vulcan sensor array was found in it after a fire fight.  The concealed surveillence
    site used a long-range sensor array to spy on the Andorians in violation of treaty.  Archer allowed the
    Andorians to leave with scans taken of the facility.
                                                              "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]
    The Andorians later bombarded the monastery on P'Jem, but they gave enough warning so that
    all of the monks and operatives could evacuate in time.
                                                               "Shadows of P'Jem" [ENT]

Vulcanis Lunar Conlony - Tuvok's place of birth.

[ Rites of Passage ][ Mating ][ Religion ][ Art ][ Language ][ Food and Drink ][ Government ]

Rites of Passage:
Vulcans learn to detach themselves from their emotions at a very early age.
                                                                "Innoncence" [VOY]
Kahs-wan - The Kahs-wan ordeal was a ritual by which young Vulcan males proved their manhood by
    facing the dangers of the desert wilderness alone.  It can take from seven to eleven days or so, and may
    kill the child. Vulcan year 8877, the 20th day of Tasmeen was one month before Spock's kahswan,
    which was described there as a test for Vulcan males, as both a "maturity test" and "test of adulthood".
    Failure is possible, but re-trys are permitted.  Spock's kahswan lasted for ten days on Vulcan's Forge
    without food, water, or weapons.     "Yesteryear" [TAS]
    T'Pol had "participated in the *kahswan* ritual."  She said, "I was taken to the desert and left to survive
    for ten days."                                      "Catwalk" [ENT]

Tal'oth - Tuvok stated that he took part in the ritual of tal'oth wherein as a young child he survived for four
    months in the Vulcan desert with a ritual blade as his only possession.
                                                                "Displaced" [VOY]

Mating Rituals:
Choosing a mate:
Choosing a mate is not done logically.   Vulcans prefer to not speak about this time, especially to out-worlders.
    They try to keep their mating practices to themselves, and shield the whole process with ritual and customs
    shrouded in antiquity, apparently the price they must pay for totally suppressing their natural emotions.
                                                             "Amok Time" [TOS]
There is nothing logical about Pon Farr.  It is considered inappropriate for one to involve themselves in
    another's personal situation, so any interference in how another is handling it is usually not only
    unwelcome but also most likely counter-productive.
                                                             "Blood Fever" [VOY]
Vulcans usually have arranged marriages.
                                                            "Breaking the Ice" [ENT]

The Mating Bond:  When Vulcan children are about seven, by their parent's arrangement, a future mate is
Vorik initiating a mating bond with Torres    selected, and the two children are joined in a ceremony which is considered
    more than a betrothal, but less than a wedding.  One touches the other in
    order to feel each other's thoughts.  In this way their minds are locked
    together so that when the mated couple comes of age at the proper time,
    the telepathic bond between them would draw them both together for the
    marriage rituals.  When they meet there is a traditional greeting: the male
    says "parted from me and never parted, never and always touching and
    touched. We meet at the appointed place."  And the female responds,
    "parted from me and never parted, never and always touching and touched.  I await you."
                                                           "Amok Time" [TOS]
    A Vulcan male which is attracted to a certain female, may on occasion, initiate the telepathic mating bond
    and not even be aware they have done so.  It is effected by holding the other's face tightly.  The link
    causes the mate to undergo all the symptoms of Pon farr also.  A Vulcan would have certain meditative
    techniques at their disposal that would help them control it.  A non-Vulcan would likely be overcome
    by it.                                              "Blood Fever" [VOY]

Kunat-So'lik:  If not bonded as a child, or if the prospective parter has died or otherwise become unavailable,
    it is considered appropriate to choose another.  The Kunat-So'lik, is in human terms, a proposal of marriage.
                                                          "Blood Fever" [VOY]

Pon farr ("time of mating"):
    A seven-year mating cycle is biologically inherent in all Vulcans.  At that time, the mating drive outweighs all
    other motivations.  The cycle is not easily disturbed, but extreme feminine beauty (for the male Vulcan) is
    always disturbing.                           "The Cloud Minders" [TOS]
    It is called the Pon farr.  It is a time when when the adult Vulcan male experiences instinct and emotion
    dominating over reason. It cannot be analysed by the rational mind nor cured by conventional medicine.
    Anyone who has experienced it understands that it must simply be followed to its natural resolution. It is
    a very traumatic experience for Vulcans, a proudly logical species, having as it were, their logic ripped from
    them, and their minds stripped from them.  It brings a madness which rips away their veneer of civilization.
                                                          "Amok Time" [TOS], "Blood Fever" [VOY]
    Pon Farr  is most commonly characterized by an inability to control intense emotions that overcome them
    during this time. It causes a neurochemical imbalance in the brain, which will cause death if not relieved by
    mating or ritual combat.  Voyager's EMH was concerned about the fluctuation in Vorik's serotonin levels and
    about his cortical readings when he began the Pon Farr. One reading would return to normal levels, then
    another one would spike. It's chaotic, as if the brain's regulatory system simply shuts down during this time.
                                                            "Amok Time" [TOS], "Blood Fever" [VOY]
    The early stages of Pon Farr are accompanied by headache, fever, respiratory distress, and tremors.  The
Tuvok trying to control Pon Farr by Meditation    symptoms could be mistaken for a virus (like the Tarkalean flu) but are
    actually caused by a neuro-chemical imbalance.  In the early stages, the
    urges and symptoms are controllable through meditation combined with
    medication (Voyager's EMH devised a treatment for Tuvok which was
    stored under file theta 12 alpha).
          "Body and Soul" [VOY]
    How a Vulcan copes with the Pon Farr is considered a test of his character.
    His only alternatives during this time are the Kunat-Kalifi or intensive
    meditation.  If he possesses enough discipline to reach a point of psychological resolution then his
    chemical imbalance should correct itself.
                                                            "Blood Fever" [VOY]
    But the ancient drives are just too strong.  Eventually, they catch up with you, and Vulcans are driven
    by forces they cannot control to return home and take a wife or die, much like the giant eel-birds of
    Regulus-5, or the salmon of Earth.  "Amok Time" [TOS]
    And, unlike humans, the Vulcan libido increases with time.  But so too does the ability to control
    or manage it - apparently through practice.  Tuvok, who had experienced several cycles in his life,
    was able to pass through the pon farr successfully with the aid of medication and a holographic image
    of his wife, T'Pel.                            "Body and Soul" [VOY]
    The similar attempt to resolve the pon farr through the use of a holographic mate did not work for the
    younger Vorik.                                  "Blood Fever" [VOY]

The Wedding:
Kunat-kalifi ("marriage or challenge"):  A usually brief marriage ceremony.  By tradition, the participants
T'Pring choosing the Kalifi instead of marriage    are accompanied by their closest friends.  It normally takes place on land set
    aside specially for this purpose by the family.
                                                            "Amok Time" [TOS]
    The wedding is presided over  by a priest or priestess.  As the
    participants kneel facing one another,  the traditional litany said
    by the priest goes:  "This is the Vulcan heart.  This is the Vulcan
    soul.  This is our way."                  "Home" [ENT]
    The partners exchange vows.  (In Vulcan they are very difficult for
    humans to pronounce.  It took weeks for Tucker to learn them.)
                                                            "E2" [ENT]
    A probe caused Spock to have a vision of a Vulcan marriage drum, a ritual Vulcan instrument.
                                                             "The Lorelei Signal" [TAS]
    If one partner does not wish to mate with the other, they can choose
    the Kal-i-fi during the ceremony.  According to Vulcan law and
    customs, the Kal-i-fi is the only way to divorce a mate.
                                                            "Amok Time" [TOS]

Kal-i-fi:   In the distant past, Vulcans killed to win their mates.  The Kal-i-fi is a hold-over from that time.
Kirk and Spock fighting to the death in the Kalifi    It is a ritual combat, an ancient tradition of fighting to the death for one's
    mate.  Once kal-i-fi is chosen, those who are not direct participants in the
    marriage are free to leave if they so wish.  The challenger has the right to
    choose a champion to fight for them from those that remain, or they can
    fight on their own behalf.  The challenger will become the property of the
    victor.  Guards will monitor the fight and act only if cowardice is seen.
    Once kal-i-fi is chosen the male will go into a state known as the Plak-tow.
          "Amok Time" [TOS], "Blood Fever" [VOY]

Plak-tow ("blood fever"):  The blood feels as if it were burning, and the eyes and heart feel as if they were aflame.
Spock, deep in the Plak-tow     It becomes difficult, indeed nearly impossible to speak during this time until one
    has passed through the combat for possession of their mate.   Acceptance of the
    challenge is given.  The Ritualized Combat begins with the lirpa, and if both
    survive that it continues with the ahn-wun.  Once the challenger is believed to
    have been killed, the madness leaves and one returns to their normal logical self.
                                                           "Amok Time" [TOS]

After marriage:  It is customary for a husband and wife to live together for one Vulcan year immediately
    following marriage.                          "Breaking the Ice" [ENT], "Home" [ENT]

Killing - It would be illogical to kill without reason, but if there were a reason a Vulcan is quite capable of killing--logically
    and efficiently.                                   "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    The natives of the planet Vulcan are not generally predatory, but there have been exceptions.
                                                             "The Squire of Gothos" [TOS]
Katra - A person's very essense; everything that is not of the body; everything one was; everything one knew;
Spock transfering his katra to McCoy    one's living spirit.  It is not something that they speak of openly, but it is the
    Vulcan way when the body's end is near to mind meld with the last one to be with
    them, to entrust them with their katra.  When it is given to a person, they are
    asked to bring the katra back to Vulcan with them to ensure the deceased person's
    "future".  Both the one who is alive, and the one who is not, will be in pain until
    they return with the katra to Mount Seleya on Vulcan because only there can both
    find peace.
                       "The Search for Spock" [ST3], "Innocence" [VOY]

Fal-tor-pan, ("The Refusion") -  An ancient Vulcan ritual that reunites a person's katra to the body if
    it is reanimated.  In 2285, it was used for the first time in centuries.
                                                           "The Search for Spock" [ST3]
Suicide - Vulcans who reach a certain infirmity with age sometimes practice ritual suicide.
                                                            "Death Wish" [VOY]
Funeral Dirge - At funerals traditional songs are played. One such Vulcan Dirge begins, "O Starless night
    of boundless black..."  Neelix stated that this was one of the most cheerful Vulcan songs he could find.
                                                           "Tuvix" [VOY]
    When the Doctor was making it hard for them to sleep, Neelix says that he knows a Vulcan funeral dirge
    they can sing.                                  "Demon" [VOY]
Prayer - Tuvok to the dead Mr. Suder: "I offer you a Vulcan prayer, Mr Suder. May your death bring
    you the peace you never found in life."
                                                             "Basics" [VOY]

Philosophy and Religion:
To be Vulcan means to adopt a philosophy, a way of life which is logical and beneficial. One cannot
    disregard that philosophy merely for personal gain, no matter how important that gain might be.
                                                              "Journey to Babel" [TOS]

Integrity and Personal honor:
    There is a well known saying that Vulcans are incapable of lying.  (While this saying is no myth, it
    may not be strictly true.)  Beyond the historic tradition of Vulcan loyalty, there is also the combined
    Romulan-Vulcan history of obedience to duty.
                                                                "The Enterprise Incident" [TOS]
    Vulcans never bluff.                            "The Doomsday Machine" [TOS]

Peace:  Vulcans believe peace should not depend on force.  Vulcans do not approve of violence.
                                                               "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    Vulcans worship peace above all.      "Return to Tomorrow" [TOS]

IDIC: Acronym for Infinite Diversity in Infinite Combinations, a cornerstone of the Vulcan philosophy. The
     most revered of all Vulcan symbols.  It symbolizes the glory of creation - which is in
    its infinite diversity, and in the ways our differences combine to create meaning and beauty.   The philosophy
    teaches  the tolerance of all peoples and ideas to help create a society that is greater than the sum of its
    own parts.  The symbol represents this philosophy by combining variations in texture, shape, and color.
    It  is a circle with a triangle of white and yellow gold metals resting upon each other and adorned with a white
    jewel.  It can be worn as an ornamental piece of jewelry in either pin or pendant form.  Spock wore an IDIC
    medallion at a shipboard dinner in honor of Dr. Jones.
    The triangle-circle IDIC pendant in this episode was designed by Gene Roddenberry and has since been used as a
    Vulcan national symbol.                  "Is There in Truth no Beauty?" [TOS]
    Mentioned by T'Pol.                        "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]
    According to the unnamed Vulcan Master who tutored teenaged Tuvok, it is called *kol-u-chang* - "the
        cornerstone of our beliefs"            "Gravity" [VOY]

Nome - An idea basic to the Vulcan philosophy meaning "all".  It refers to the combination of a number
    of things to make existence worthwhile. It encompasses the concept of learning to be satisfied with
    what we are.  The Vulcans learned that centuries before earth did.
                                                               "The Savage Curtain" [TOS]

Religious and Other Holidays:
Rumarie - A Vulcan holiday.  It was an ancient pagan festival celebrated by feasting, orgies and other
    hedonistic activities.  Neelix says the festival is full of barely clothed Vulcan men and women covered in
    slippery Rillan grease chasing one another.  The Rumarie festival survived over a thousand years after the
    time of Surak when Vulcans began to pursue the path of pure logic.
                                                                  "Meld" [VOY]

Kal Rekk - Neelix wishes Tuvok a Happy Kal Rekk; Tuvok tells him that Kal Rekk is still 2 weeks off and
    that it is a day of atonement, solitude, and silence.
                                                                  "Meld" [VOY]

Prayers - T'Pel tells Tuvok in her message that she and his children have asked the priest at the temple
    of Amonak to say prayers for Tuvok's safe return; this temple is one of the most sacred temples on Vulcan.
                                                              "Hunters" [VOY]

Vulcan Spirituality: T'Pol claims Vulcan spirituality is based on "logic and the pursuit of clarity".
                                                              "Cold Front" [ENT]

Vulcan Consulate - place on Earth where Tal-Shanar religious ceremonies are held.
                                                            "Cold Front" [ENT]

Vulcan Master - Elder mentors who guide aspirants through the Kohlinar ritual.

Kolinahr - "the Vulcan purging of emotion."
    The Order at the P'Jem Sanctuary practiced Kolinahr. T'Pol warned Archer, "If we arrive at their time
    of communal Kolinahr, it's likely we'll be turned away...  They are observing the final phase of the time
    of Kolinahr.  The Order must remain in silent reflection throughout the lunar cycle. They are not to be
    disturbed." The Elder told them, "Forgive the disarray. Kolinahr encourages members of our order to
    face their vestigial emotions.  The repercussions can sometimes be violent."
                                                            "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]
    Janeway was present at the Kolinahr of Tuvok's daughter.
                                                             "Fury" [VOY]

Stone of J'Kah  -  a smooth black stone, roughly triangular, approximately 5-6 inches long, which is kept in a
     small rectangular box of what appeared to be carved brownish stone.
    T'Pol briefs Archer and Tucker before they leave Enterprise:
    "At the conclusion of our visit, we'll be offered the Stone of
    J'Kah as a gesture of salutation. Accept it, then bow slightly
    and observe a respectful silence for approximately five seconds."
    When the landing party is about to leave P'Jem, the Vulcan
    Elder extends the box to Archer, "This is the Stone of J'Kah,
    which represents a foundation of all we believe: a life of order and control through logic." The Elder opens
    the lid, Archer touches the stone, the Elder bows his head and intones:  "Ishtaya kulah. Vestal ma etak J'Kah."
    Archer follows T'Pol's instructions: he bows his head with the Elder and they observe a brief moment of
    silence. The Elder explains to Archer: "It is a traditional litany, passed down for generations."
                                                              "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]

V'tosh ka'tur ('Vulcans without logic') - A name the elders give to anyone who ddisagrees with the
    ancestral teachings and to embrace emotions.  But it's not entirely accurate - not all V'tosh ka'tur
    believe they need to abandon logic to accomplish this.  Some groups just disagree with how Surak's
    teachings are to be interpreted. They believe he wanted them to master their emotions, and integrate
    them into their lives, instead of rejecting them.  Many have tried to reintegrate their emotions and
    Vulcan society would have you believe that all such attempts have ended in failure, but one thing is
    certain - that any such attempt is very dangerous.  History's shown that Vulcans who attempt to
    embrace their emotions often revert to their primal nature.
                                                                "Fusion" [ENT]

Dance:  Vulcans only dance when it's part of some tedious ceremony.
                                                                "Fusion" [ENT]
Vulcan Lute - A stringed musical instrument.  (Alternately referred to as the Vulcan lyrette or the Vulcan harp.)
The Vulcan lute was first seen in "Charlie X" [TOS]
    Spock enjoyed playing this harplike instrument during his off-duty hours.
                                    "Charlie X" [TOS]
    Spock used it to accompany Uhura's song "Beyond Antares"
                                    "The Conscience of the King" [TOS]
    It also appeared in    "Amok Time" [TOS]
    Spock joined in a folk session with some space hippies.
                                    "The Way to Eden" [TOS]
    Spock plays 'Row, Row your boat' on it.
                                    "The Final Frontier" [ST5]
    A Vulcan lute was seen in the mirror Kira Nerys's quarters.
                                    "Through the Looking Glass" [DS9]
    The Bothan caused Tuvok to hallucinate that the lute he used to play for T'Pel was sitting right in
    front of him.  It was first referred to as a "lute" in this episode.
                                    "Persistence of Vision" [VOY]
    Tuvok tells the children that this is a 5 stringed instrument that is tuned on a diatonic scale; Tuvok's
    youngest son is particularly found of it. (Tuvok said his lute had five strings, but the actual prop had
    12 strings.)               "Innocence" [VOY]

One of Tuvok's favorite pieces of music is the dirge-like "Chants of the Monks of T'Panit", which is
    selection 56-alpha in Voyager's Vulcan audio file.  Neelix played it for him in an attempt to jog his
    memory.                                              "Riddles" [VOY]

Pleenok - A puzzle used to train Vulcan children in primary logic. All 5 sides are triangles. It is covered
    in a pattern of black and white triangles.    [VOY]
Kaltoh - Kaltoh has been described as "Vulcan chess", but in reality Kaltoh is to chess as chess is to tic-tac-toe.
     Tuvok had been playing since the age of five, having been tutored by a kaltoh master.
    About 20 centimeters in diameter, kal-toh is a construction of short metallic-crytal rods,
    called t'an. They are joined in a
    roughly spherical, seemingly chaotic manner.  The object of the game is to turn the jumble into a
    perfect sphere. Each player takes a turn positioning t'an and whoever gets the sphere to appear
    first wins. If the piece is placed correctly, the shape changes. If incorrectly, part of the structure
    falls apart.  Marayna attempted to create a spatial balance by placing the t'an on opposite sides
    of the Kal-toh;  Tuvok says that this move is common among novice Kal-toh players and it is a
    strategy that will most certainly fail since Kal-toh is not about striving for balance but about finding
    the seeds of order even in the midst of profound chaos.  Nor is it about striving for beauty although
    the structures formed can be beautiful.  Tuvok offers to teach Kim how to play Kal-toh.
                                                                 "Alter Ego" [VOY]
    Kim and Tuvok have been playing Kal-toh all night when Seven finds them in the Mess Hall.  Kim claims
    the game, despite the fact that it is a game of logic is very addictive.  Seven makes the last move for Kim
    since she is impatient for Kim to be free to assist her on their diagnostic of the aft sensor array.  She claims
    that determining her impressive winning move was a matter of Elementary Spatial Harmonics.
                                                                 "Omega Directive" [VOY]
    Kal-toh is as much a game of patience as it is of logic. An experienced player will sometimes take several
    hours to decide his next move, and in some cases, even days may be necessary.  Tuvok, suffering from a
    lapse in concentration because of a neurological disorder, was beaten by Icheb.  When he made the final
    move, he exclaimed "Kal-toh!" just as one would say 'checkmate' if they won the Earth-game of chess.
                                                                "Endgame" [ENT]

    T'Pol says that there are no ghost stories on Vulcan.
                                                                "Strange New World" [ENT]
    Tuvok says that Vulcan literature does not have any demons in it; Chakotay says that that might account for its
        popularity.                                         "Heroes and Demons" [VOY]
    Before Tolaris joined the Vahklas, an obsolete ship carrying V'tosh ka'tur, he taught literature at the prestigious
        Shirkar Academy on Vulcan. T'Pol was impressed.
                                                                "Fusion" [ENT]

    "Clash on the Fire Plains" - Tuvok owns a copy of this classic proto-Vulcan drama in 23 parts (roles).
                                                              "Riddles" [VOY]
    "Dictates of Poetics" - Written by T'Hain of Vulcan; T'Hain saaid that a character's actions flow from
        his or her established traits.            "Worst Case Scenario" [VOY]
    "Falor's Journey" - A tale of enlightenment in the form of a song about Falor, a prosperous merchant
    who went on a journey to gain greater awareness.  The song was a particular favorite of Tuvok's youngest
    son.  We heard Tuvok sing a fragment - there are 348 verses in all...
     "Through storms he crossed the Voroth Sea     to reach the clouded shores of Raal,
      where old T'Para offered truth.      He traveled through the windswept hills
      and crossed the barren Fire Plains,      to find the silent monks of Kir.
      Still unfulfilled, he journeyed home,      told stories of the lessons learned
      and gained true wisdom by the giving..."
                                                                  "Innocence" [VOY]

Spoken Language -
SEE:  Vulcan Dictionary

Written Language -
The Vulcans appear to have three written languages; two of which which can be used separately or in
    combination with each other. The most common script on Vulcan is a vertically-written script,
    having a central staff line on which vertical spirals and horizontal dashes are written, along with dots
    in various combinations. While no official translations for these symbols exist, it is speculated by
    some that the dots and dashes represent consonants and the spirals are the vowels. The script is
    written in vertical columns from top to bottom, and left to right (like Mongolian).
when Trip reads T'Pol's letter:
Hoshi gives the decoded Vulcan transmission to Trip and tells him to run it through the "Vulcan
T'Pol's letter from home - read in her quarters    translation matrix".  He walks over to
    his Engineering work station, plugs
    the cassette into a slot and turns on
    his desktop computer.  We see the
    screen divided into two vertical
    windows.  The Vulcan original text
    comes up on the left in columns
    displaying left to right.  When Trip
    presses a button to activate the
    translation matrix, notice that when
    each column of the Vulcan text is
    highlighted, a short English text block
    quickly appears on the right half of the
    screen separated by a blank line from
    the previous one.  It looks like each
    Vulcan column corresponds to either a short English paragraph or a very long, complex English sentence.
    A somewhat larger view of the Vulcan text comes earlier in the episode when T'Pol reads the letter on
    the computer in her quarters.  It's clear that Vulcan is written in columns of uneven length, displaying
    left to right on the screen.                    "Breaking the Ice" [ENT]

The second script written in the same direction consists of swirly curved symbols (like Japanese hiragana).
    It is assumed that these symbols are also phonetic, perhaps syllabic or consonantal.  The first two
    scripts can be used seperately or in combination with each other (as seen in T'Pol's letter from home).
    When this is the case, the swirl-symbols accompany the staff writing symbols as annotation written to
    the right of the staff.

A third script consists of rectangular blocks cut into geometric shapes. They have only ever been seen
    on the hulls of some Vulcan ships and bear no relation to the first two scripts.

Food and Drink:
The Promenade of station Deep Space 9 featured a restaurant specializing in Vulcan cuisine.
                                                                "Indiscretion" [DS9]
Vulcans are vegetarian, and they don't touch their food with their hands.
                                                               "Broken Bow" [ENT]

Brandy - Chakotay offered Tuvok some Vulcan Brandy to toast the Maquis crew.
                                                               "Repression" [VOY]

Gespar - A type of fruit, sliced and served for breakfast.
                                                                "Home" [ENT]

Mint - According to Perrin (Sarek's wife), "Vulcans have some strange concoction they call 'mint'...
    but you wouldn't recognize it."           "Unification, part 1" [TNG]

Mocha - A "Vulcan Mocha" is the drink that Cosimo serves Kim.  Kim liked it extra sweet.
                                                                 "Non Sequitor" [VOY]

Mollusks - Quark served Vulcan mollusks to Fallit Kot during his stay on station Deep Space 9.  They are
    best when sauteed in Rhombolian butter.
                                                                 "Melora" [DS9]

Plomik (Also spelled Plomeek) - A traditional Vulcan food.
    In the mess hall, Crewman Cutler is sipping plomik broth.  She said Vulcan food was "interesting".
                                                                 "Strange New World" [ENT]
    T'Pol serves herself breakfast of a cloudy broth with nothing in it and says, "Plomik broth is a traditional
        morning meal on Vulcan"                 "Unexpected" [ENT]
    T'Pol went to the galley for a bowl of plomik broth, but acting chef Hoshi said she had no time for
        "special orders".                              "Singularity" [ENT]
    Archer bragged to a group of visiting Vulcan physicians that T'Pol had taught Chef to make a
        "pretty fair" plomik soup.              "Stigma" [ENT]
    Phlox has always thought that Chef's plomik broth leaves something to be desired, but was afraid
        to mention it.                                   "Doctor's Orders" [ENT]
    Nurse Chapel prepared a bowl of plomik soup for Spock during his Pon Farr in 2267, but Spock
        expressed his desire to be left alone by throwing the bowl into the corridor.  The soup was orange
        in color.                                             "Amok Time" [TOS]
    Neelix once made a version of plomeek soup for Tuvok substituting in Delta Quadrant ingredients he
        had at hand.  Tuvok said it was too spicy (like most of Neelix's cooking).
                                                                  "Faces" [VOY]
    Neelix again served Tuvok some plomik soup, remarking that he had made it just the way Tuvok likes
        it, "practically tasteless".                  "Body and Soul" [VOY]

Pok Tar - a Vulcan dish Archer ordered prepared especially for Capt. Vanik on T'Pol's recommendation.
                                                                "Breaking the Ice" [ENT]

Spice tea - Hot beverage, available from replicators on the U.S.S. Voyager.  Tuovok and Janeway have
    Vulcan spice tea while discussing making an alliance with the Kazon.
                                                                "Alliances" [VOY]

Port - Intoxicating beverage. Quark offered some Vulcan port to Sakonna when beginning business negotiations.
    Quark said that the green drink was three centuries old and very expensive.  It was in a tall
    bottle with a label in vertically-written Vulcan. (The bottle was even a little dusty, which
    may mean that Vulcan port isn't very popular with any of the Humans, Cardassians,
    Klingons, Ferengi, Bajorans, etc. who visited his bar over the years!)
                                      "The Maquis, part 1" [DS9]
    Vulcans don't normally drink alcohol but on special occasions do make exceptions.
                                               "Requiem for Methuselah" [TOS], "First Contact" [ST8],
                                               "Carbon Creek" [ENT], "Cease Fire" [ENT]

Rules of Conduct and Laws:
Vulcan protocols - When Archer insists on boarding the Axanar vessel, T'Pol says there were "a number of
        protocols we haven't tried."         "Fight or Flight" [ENT]
    T'Pol stiffly suggests they follow Vulcan Protocols, which dictate sending automated probes to the surface;
        if the planet proves to be Minshara-class ("suitable for humanoid life", explains Sato), they'd next
        conduct a geophysical scan from orbit; in total, 6-7 days.
                                                            "Strange New World" [ENT]
    It is a Vulcan protocol, but not Starfleet, to delay contact until a civilization achieves warp travel.
                                                            "Civilization" [ENT]

Vulcan Bill of Rights - Document that guarantees the fundamental personal freedoms of every Vulcan citizen.
                                                            "The Maquis, Part I" [DS9]

Institutions and Government Entities:
ConsulateFor some rreason, the Vulcans seem to call their embassies consulates. The Vulcan
    Consulate on Earth is a compound in Sausalito, near San Francisco.

Diplomatic Service -   Ambassador V'Lar has spent 94 years in the Vulcan Diplomatic Service.
                                                                "Fallen Hero" [ENT]
    Vulcan ambassadors wear a formal hooded cloak with a shiny lining. On the right lapel is a vertical
    line of Vulcan glyphs; the top one resembles a question mark (?). Soval wears such a cloak and the
    glyphs can be seen in ENT "Shadows of P'Jem".
    In TNG "Sarek", Sarek's formal cloak and his aides' suits had such a line of glyphs, topped by the
    "question mark". V'Lar wore such a cloak, but without the line of glyphs in ENT "Fallen Hero".
    Possibly the glyphs mean "diplomatic service"?  Notable members of the Diplomatic Service are:
    Sakkath, Sarek, Soval, T'Pel and V'Lar.

High Command- Archer refers to the Vulcan High Command.
                                                            "Strange New World" [ENT]
    The commanding body of the Vulcan Space Service (or the Vulcan government?). Archer dreaded
    asking the High Command for help in 2151, imagining they would send a Surak-class ship to tow
    Enterprise back to base.                  "Silent Enemy" [ENT]
    Ambassador Soval announced the cancellation of joint Earth-Vulcan fleet operations by the High
    Command as a result of the Andorian destruction of the P'Jem Sanctuary.
                                                            "Shadows of P'Jem" [ENT]
    Tavin of the Vahklas told Archer that he felt the High Command "looking over their shoulder" from
    time to time, monitoring his group of V'tosh katur. Kov is the son of a high-ranking minister on the
    High Command.                                "Fusion" [ENT]
    The High Command asked Starfleet to send the Enterprise to ferry Ambassador V'Lar from the planet
    Mazar to a rendezvous with the Vulcan cruiser Sh'Raan.
                                                               "Fallen Hero" [ENT]
    Lorot was a subaltern in the Vulcan High Command assimilated by the Borg (at Wolf 359?).
                                                              "Infinite Regress" [VOY]
    The High Command used the destruction of the Paraagan colony in 2152 to persuade Starfleet to cancel
    their deep space explorations for twenty years, sending a ship to pick up T'Pol and Phlox.
                                                              "Shockwave" [ENT]

Institute of Defensive Arts - Learning institution located on Vulcan. Tuvok taught archery science
    for several years at the Vulcan Institute of Defensive Arts.
                                                              "Basics, Part 2" [VOY]

Isolationist movement - Small but growing group of separatists on Vulcan during the late 24th century.
    The isolationists believed that contact with alien civilizations had polluted their culture and destroyed
    Vulcan purity. They advocated the total isolation of Vulcan from the rest of the galaxy and the eradication
    of all alien influences from their planet.  Tallera was a member of the isolationist group, who, in 2370, tried
    to reassemble the ancient Stone of Gol for use in furthering the movement's goals.
                                                               "Gambit, Part 2" [TNG]

Science Academy -  Institute of higher learning on planet Vulcan.
    Spock chose to apply to Starfleet in 2249 rather than stay on his homeworld and study at the academy.
    That decision was the cause of a rift between Spock and his father, Sarek, that lasted for 18 years.
                                                            "Journey to Babel" [TOS]
    The director of the academy from 2354 to 2369 was subspace theoretician Dr. T'Pan.
                                                            "Suspicions" [TNG]

Science Council -  T'Pol was inspired to "choose a life course", leading her to the Science Council after
    meeting Ambassador V'Lar at the Second Ka'Tann Conference.
                                                             "Fallen Hero" [ENT]

Science Directorate - T'Pol claims that the "Vulcan Science Directorate" has studied time travel
    extensively, and has found no evidence that it exists or can exist.
                                                            "Cold Front" [ENT], "Shockwave" [ENT]

Security Force, V'Shar - Vulcan Security Force (governmental organization), headed by Security-
        Minister Satok.                          "Gambit. part 2" [TNG]
    In 2151, Archer exposed the long-range Vulcan sensor array underneath the P'Jem Sanctuary  used by
        Vulcan intelligence for spying on the Andorians.
                                                            "The Andorian Incident" [ENT]
    P'Jem was subsequently destroyed by the Andorians, who gave the monks and intelligence staff three
        hours warning to vacate before they attacked.
                                                            "Shadows of P'Jem" [ENT]

Space Central - Before assuming orbit around Vulcan one usually must obtain permission from "Vulcan
    Space Central.                                   "Amok Time" [TOS]

Space Program -  The Vulcan military space service. Capt. Vanik had served in the Vulcan Space
    Program for 76 years, the last 15 of which in command of the Ti'Mur.
                                                              "Breaking the Ice" [ENT]

History:   SEE:   Vulcan History

Personal Weapons and  Fighting Skills:
Psionic Weapons:
The Stone of Gol - An ancient Vulcan artifact that dated from the Time of Awakening.  Long thought
    to be mere legend, the stone was a psionic resonator that operated
    by focusing and amplifying telepathic energy.  It enabled its bearer
    to kill by telepathy, turning an opponent's own violent thoughts
    and emotions against him.  To operate it, the user need only hold
    the weapon, aim it at a single living target, and mentally activate it
    with a single projective telepathic thought.  The Stone of Gol was
    actually three interlocking artifacts covered with ancient Vulcan
    glyphs and symbols. These writings mostly warned of death and
    destruction to anyone who opposed the resonator, but one hiero-
    glyph on the anterior shows an intricate series of circles and lines
    and another more abstract drawing of a Vulcan heroic figure... the
    symbols for the Vulcan god of War and the god of Death.  Typically
    the gods of War and Death would appear alone on an artifact, they
    would never be combined with a third glyph.  But on a third inter-
    locking piece of the resonator they are separated by the symbol for
    Peace.  The hieroglyph's message was a warning that the resonator's power can be overcome by peace.
    The only obvious protection against the weapon is to clear your mind of all aggressive thoughts.
    According to legend, the stone of Gol was destroyed by the gods when the Vulcan people found the
    way of peace.  In actuality, the stone had been dismantled, with one piece placed in a Vulcan museum.
    In 2369, extremists from the Vulcan isolationist movement stole the first fragment and hired
    Arctus Baran to find the two remaining pieces. Baran raided numerous Romulan archaeological
    sites throughout the quadrant, and by early 2370, had located the artifacts.  Baran's employers were
    prevented from using the device, and later, Vulcan authorities vowed that they would destroy the
    three pieces of the resonator once and for all to prevent it's future misuse.
                                                     "Gambit, part 2" [TNG]

Conventional Melee Weapons:
Lirpa - An ancient weapon.  It is a staff-like shaft about 160 cm long with curved blades on one end, and
    a heavy bludgeon on the other.  Both it and the ahn-woon are
    traditionally used during the kunat kalifi.
            "Amok Time" [TOS]

Ahn-woon - A weapon made of a single leather strip about 6 feet long.  It sometimes has a small leaden
     weight at one end.  It can be used as a whip or a noose.  Both it and the lirpa are
    traditionally used during the kunat kalifi.
                                                            "Amok Time" [TOS]

Guard's Axe (unofficially called the "Trillpa") - It is the standard Vulcan sword, consiisting of a long, straight,
     double-edged blade and a hilt with a single-edged crescent-shaped blade
    for a guard.  The weapon could be used by a scythe-guard for parrying and blocking.
                  "Amok Time" [TOS]

Bow and Arrows (unofficially called "khaiya") - Archery was and is used on Vulcan.&nbssp; Tuvok taught archery
    science for several years at the Vulcan Institute of Defensive Arts.
                                                            "The Savage Curtain" [TOS], "Basics, part 2" [VOY]

Martial Arts and Fighting techniques:
Suus Mahna - A Vulcan martial art that takes years to master.  T'Pol appears to be proficient in it.
                                                            "Marauders" [ENT]

Navorkot - A simple evasive maneuver in the martial art form Suus Mahna.  It is not difficult to learn.
    The Navorkot involves using ducking, side stepping, and somersalts to dodge your opponent.
                                                            "Marauders" [ENT]

The Vulcan nerve pinch - A defensive move which instantly and nonviolently causes unconsiousness in
    an individual.  Pressure is applied to certain nerves and blood vessels at the base of the neck using one's
    It caused a contraction of muscles which resulted in the 'evil-Kirk' firing the phaser he had in his hand.
    This is the first time we get to see the
    nerve pinch used.  The Famous Spock Nerve Pinch (as it became known to the show's production staff) was
    invented by actor Leonard Nimoy, who devised it because he thought Spock would not stoop to rendering an
    opponent unconscious with a karate chop.
                                                           "The Enemy Within" [TOS] : 1 pinch
    Sulu who had been infected with the Psi 2000 virus had to be subdued.  Kirk tells Spock that he would like him to teach
        that to him sometime.                   "The Naked Time" [TOS] : 1 pinch
    "Dagger of the Mind" : 1 pinch
    "The Menagerie, Part I" : 2 pinches
    "Tomorrow Is Yesterday" : 2 pinches
    "The Return of the Archons" : 1 pinch
    "A Taste of Armageddon" : 1 pinch
    "Space Seed" : 1 pinch
    "Errand of Mercy" : 1 pinch
    "City On the Edge of Forever" : 2 pinches
    "Operation - Annihilate!" : 3 pinches
     "Catspaw" : 1 pinch
     "Friday's Child" : 1 pinch
     "Wolf in the Fold" : 1 pinch
     "I, Mudd" : 1 pinch
     "Bread and Circuses" : 2 pinches
     "A Piece of the Action" : 4 pinches
     "Patterns of Force" : 3 pinches
     "The Ultimate Computer" : 1 pinch
     "The Omega Glory" : 2 pinches
     "Assignment: Earth" : 2 pinches
     "The Enterprise Incident" : 1 pinch
     "And the Children Shall Lead" : 1 pinch
     "The Empath" : 1 pinch
     "The Tholian Web" : 1 pinch
     "For the World Is Hollow..." : 1 pinch
     "Day of the Dove" : 2 pinches
     "Whom Gods Destroy" : 3 pinches
     "The Mark of Gideon" : 1 pinch
     "The Way To Eden" : 2 pinches
     "Turnabout Intruder" : 2 pinches
     "Conspiracy" [TNG] : 1 pinch
     "Starship Mine" : 1 pinch
    Data was able to master the technique.
        1 pinch                                          "Unification, Part II" [TNG]
     "The Maquis, Part I" [DS9] : 1 pinch
     "Paradise Lost" [DS9] : 1 pinch
    The Vulcan nerve pinch can cause trauma to the trapezius nerve bundle.
         1 pinch                                          "Cathexis" [VOY]
     "Flashback" : 1 pinch
     "Warlord" : 1 pinch
     "Displaced" : 1 pinch
     "Raven" : 1 pinch
     "In the Flesh" : 1 pinch
     "Gravity" : 1 pinch
    "Star Trek I: The Motion Picture" : 1 pinch
     "Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan" : 1 pinch
     "Star Trek III: The Search for Spock" : 2 pinches
     "Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home" : 1 pinch
    The technique appears to work on nearly all humanoid species and several nonhumanoids as well (including horses).
    1 pinch                                             "The Final Frontier" [ST5]
    T'Pol pinches Mayweather.               "Strange New World" [ENT]: 1 pinch
    T'Pol was unsure the pinch would work on Denobulans, but it did.
                                                            "Singularity" [ENT]: 1 pinch

    Very few non-Vulcans have been able to master the nerve pinch. Spock tried, unsuccessfully, to teach the nerve pinch
        to Kirk.

Vulcan Death Grip - There is no such thing as a Vulcan death grip.  There does exist however a "grip" which
    temporarily stuns the person into an unconscious state which can be mistaken for death.  Spock used it to
    appear to have killed Kirk during their spy mission aboard a Romulan vessel in 2268, and then he claimed
    that it was the Vulcan death grip.  This ruse allowed Kirk to escape back to the Enterprise.
                                                          "The Enterprise Incident" [TOS]

Tal-shaya - An ancient form of execution once used on Vulcan. Pressure is applied to a specific area on the base
    of the victim's neck, causing it to snap and cause instantaneous death.
                                                            "Journey to Babel" [TOS]